What Is Cancer?
Cancer is actually a group of lots of related illness that all involve cells. Cells are the very little systems that make up all living things, including the body. There are billions of cells in everyone's body.
Cancer occurs when cells that are not regular grow and spread out very quick. Regular body cells grow and divide and know to stop growing. In time, they likewise pass away. Unlike these normal cells, cancer cells just continue to grow and divide out of control and do not pass away when they're expected to.
Cancer cells typically group or clump together to form growths (state: TOO-mers). A growing tumor becomes a swelling of cancer cells that can damage the normal cells around the tumor and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make somebody really ill.
Sometimes cancer cells break away from the original growth and travel to other locations of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form new tumors. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a growth to a brand-new location in the body is called metastasis (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Causes of Cancer
You most likely understand a kid who had chickenpox-- perhaps even you. But you probably do not understand any kids who have actually had cancer. If you packed a large football arena with kids, most likely just one child in that stadium would have cancer.
Medical professionals aren't sure why some individuals get cancer and others don't. They do know that cancer is not contagious. You can't capture it from somebody else who has it-- cancer isn't brought on by germs, like colds or the flu are. So do not be scared of other kids-- or anybody else-- with cancer. You can talk to, play with, and hug someone with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids believe that a bump on the head triggers brain cancer or that bad people get cancer. This isn't true! Kids don't do anything wrong to get cancer. However some unhealthy routines, especially cigarette smoking or drinking too much alcohol every day, can make you a lot most likely to get cancer when you end up being a grownup.
Discovering Out About Cancer
It can take a while for a doctor to determine a kid has cancer. That's since the signs cancer can trigger-- weight-loss, fevers, swollen glands, or feeling overly exhausted or sick for a while-- normally are not brought on by cancer. When a kid has these issues, it's often triggered by something less serious, like an infection. With medical testing, the physician can find out what's triggering the problem.
If the doctor suspects cancer, he or she can do tests to determine if that's the issue. A physician may buy X-rays and blood tests and advise the person go to see an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a doctor who takes care of and treats cancer patients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to learn if somebody actually has cancer. If so, tests can identify what sort of cancer it is and if it has infected other parts of the body. Based on the results, the doctor will decide the best method to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a cosmetic surgeon) might carry out is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). Throughout a biopsy, a piece of tissue is gotten rid of from a growth or a location in the body where cancer is suspected, like the bone marrow. Don't worry-- someone getting this test will get special medicine to keep him or her comfortable during the biopsy. The sample that's collected will be analyzed best gifts for cancer patients under a microscopic lense for cancer cells.
The faster cancer is discovered and treatment starts, the much better somebody's opportunities are for a complete healing and treatment.
Treating Cancer Carefully
Cancer is treated with surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or sometimes a combination of these treatments. The choice of treatment depends on:
Surgery is the oldest form of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 people with cancer will have an operation to remove it. During surgery, the doctor tries to take out as many cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue may also be eliminated to ensure that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is making use of anti-cancer medicines (drugs) to deal with cancer. These medications are in some cases taken as a pill, however normally are provided through a special intravenous (say: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, also called an IV. An IV is a tiny plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is put into a vein through someone's skin, typically on the arm. The catheter is attached to a bag that holds the medicine. The medicine flows from the bag into a vein, which puts the medicine into the blood, where it can travel throughout the body and attack cancer cells.